The role of biodegradable nonwoven fabrics in efficient sodding of earth structures
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Department of Agroecology and Plant Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-120, Kraków, Poland
Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Horticulture, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-120, Kraków, Poland
Submission date: 2023-10-10
Final revision date: 2023-11-22
Acceptance date: 2023-11-23
Publication date: 2023-12-19
Corresponding author
Paulina Supel   

Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Acta Sci. Pol. Formatio Circumiectus 2023;22(4):37-48
  • Okrywanie struktur ziemnych biodegradowalną włókniną zawierającą pióra po uformowaniu i wysianiu nasion, sprzyja wytwarzaniu darni.
  • Gramatura i tekstura włóknin wpływa na kiełkowanie i rozwój roślin.
  • Stymulacja wzrostu roślin na poletkach pokrytych biodegradowalnymi geowłókninami pozytywnie wpływa na liczebność mikroorganizmów glebowych.
Aim of the study:
Newly formed earth structures such as ski slopes are areas causing difficulties in attempts for efficient sodding since colonization with plants, where initial development and adaptation are hindered due to unfavourable climatic and soil factors. The main objective of the study was to demonstrate the feasibility of using nonwoven fabrics made from sheep’s wool and waste poultry feathers on steep-gradient mountain slopes.

Material and methods:
Biodegradable geotextiles can be used not only to protect seeds and soil from washout, but also to promote turf development and improve soil microbial quality. During the experiment, plant growth was monitored together with microbial frequency changes.

Results and conclusions:
The results showed that the application of nonwoven fabrics after sowing a mix of grasses and clover had many advantages including the acceleration of seedling germination, improvement of plant initial development, and increase in the number of plants per square metre. The ultimate biostimulation effect was found to be strongly dependent on geotextile biodegradability, grammage and the fleece structure. The best yield was obtained with the nonwoven grammage within the range of 150–180 g · m–2. The promotion of plant growth and, in particular, the development of the root system had a significant positive impact on the population of soil microbiota.

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