INFLUENCE OF MINE ACTIVITY OF THE COAL MINE “RUCH BORYNIA” ON WATER MANAGEMENT OF CHOSEN SOILS ON MINING AREA
 
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Uniwersytet Rolniczy w Krakowie
Publication date: 2015-03-30
 
Acta Sci. Pol. Formatio Circumiectus 2015;14(1):115–123
 
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ABSTRACT
Evaluation of influence of the Coal Mine “Ruch-Borynia” exploitation activity on water management of chosen soils on mine area was carried out in the work. Within examined area five soil openings with morphological description were carried out and samples were taken. In laboratory texture and basic physical and chemical properties were determined using standard soil-science methods. For determination of areas of water management types occurrence, there were carried out: cross sections regarding primary relief, settlement ordinates and ordinates of groundwater level. Analysis of field and laboratory investigations, sections and map of soil water management allowed to state that on the investigated area occurs ground-water waterlogging. Apart from surface subsidence, mean heavy texture of soil caused hydrological degradation as well. Waterlogging forced change of ground use structure and change of basic soil utility from cereal into cerealpasture, more seldom pasture and change from dry cereal-pasture complexes into the humid one. In a case of grasslands increased waterlogging causes limitation of pasture use of soil and increase meadow use.
ISSN:1644-0765