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RESEARCH PAPER
Estimation of Spatiotemporal Changes of Land Cover in Llapi River Catchment (Northeastern Part of Kosova)
 
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1
Department of Geography, FMNS, University of Pristina Pristina, Republic of Kosova
 
2
University of Camerino, Geology Section, Camerino, Italy
 
3
University of Life Sciences, Poznan, Poland
 
 
Submission date: 2023-11-20
 
 
Final revision date: 2024-01-23
 
 
Acceptance date: 2024-01-27
 
 
Publication date: 2024-05-15
 
 
Corresponding author
Besarta Ibrahimi   

University of Camerino, Geology Section, Camerino, Italy
 
 
Acta Sci. Pol. Formatio Circumiectus 2024;23(1):55-74
 
HIGHLIGHTS
  • • GIS technique is a great tool in estimation of Land Cover Changes in landscape.
  • • Rapid urbanization is going towards agricultural land, by reducing the area per capita.
  • • Sankey diagram is used to show the direction and magnitude of LULC changes.
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ABSTRACT
Aim of the study:
In recent decades, Kosova in general and the Llapi River catchment have experienced landscape transformation which resulted in Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) changes, mainly in flat terrains where most of country’s population is concentrated. Other landscapes have experienced changes too, but on a small scale. The aim of the study was to identify landscape transformation and driving forces behind it.

Material and methods:
Spatiotemporal changes of Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) were made using GIS techniques. Land Cover data from Copernicus Land Monitoring Service (CLMS) with spatial resolution 100 m for three different years: 2000, 2006 and 2018 were analyzed. DEM with 10 m spatial resolution was used to estimate slope steepness and catchments’ altitude. Population data for settlements inside the Llapi River catchment represented in features were downloaded from the Statistical Agency of Kosova, and those data include population numbers for official censuses between 1948 until 2011, while ArcMap 10.8 environment was used for analysis.

Results and conclusions:
With GIS technique in analyzing Land Use and Land Cover data (LULC) and other open source data, we found that agricultural land have decreased in area by 9.53%, while the increase of artificial surface is 160.87%, or expressing by absolute values, total agricultural areas in 2000 were 37,827 ha, while in 2018 were 34,334 ha, meaning 0.3ha per capita, less than European level. In order to protect agricultural land, zoning and land use plans should be implemented.

ISSN:1644-0765
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